Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder that occurs when a person's breathing is interrupted during sleep.
People with untreated sleep apnea stop breathing repeatedly during their sleep, sometimes hundreds of times. This means the brain and the rest of the body may not get enough oxygen.
There are three types of sleep apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
The more common of the two forms of apnea, it is caused by a blockage of the airway, usually when the soft tissue in the back of the throat collapses during sleep.
Central sleep apnea
Unlike OSA, the airway is not blocked, but the brain fails to signal the muscles to breathe, due to instability in the respiratory control center.
Mixed sleep apnea
This is a mixture of both obstructive sleep apnoea OSA (where there is a blockage or obstruction in the upper airway) and CSA (where no effort is made to breathe). Your doctor can help you understand more about this if you need to.
Am I at Risk for Sleep Apnea ?
PLENTY REASONS WHY!!
Sleep apnea can affect anyone at any age, even children. Risk factors for sleep apnea include
Being over age 40
Having a large neck size 17 inches or greater in men and 16 inches or greater in women
Having large tonsils a large tongue, or a small jaw bone
Having a family history of sleep apnea
Gastroesophageal reflux or GERD
Nasal obstruction due to a deviated septum, allergies, or sinus problems
What Are the Effects of Sleep Apnea ?
If left untreated, sleep apnea can result in a growing number of health problems, including
High blood pressure
Heart failure, irregular heart beats, and heart attacks
Worsening of ADHD
In addition, untreated sleep apnea may be responsible for poor performance in everyday activities, such as at work and school, motor vehicle crashes, and academic underachievement in children and adolescents.
If you have any concerns that you may have any type of sleep apnoea